1.-Edulcerant E 420a: Sorbitol, a food additive used as stabilizer, sweetener and thickener. Foods containing this additive may have laxative effects if consumed in large quantities.
2.-Edulcerant E 953: Isomalt, an additive used as a sugar substitute, has a small impact on blood glucose levels and does not lead to dental caries. Excessive consumption of isomalt causes gastric and laxative problems.
Recommended dose: 50g per kg body weight per day in adults and 25g per kg body weight in children.
3.-Edulcerant E 421: Mannitol, has a sweetening power slightly above half that of sucrose has a calorific power that is over half that of sucrose itself. The main disturbances from an excess of mannitol are gastrointestinal, so much so that in Australia it is banned in children's foods.
Recommended doses: 50mg per kg bodyweight per day.
4.-Edulcator E 965: maltitol syrup, additive used as a sweetener. The use of maltitol can form the dental plaque and consequently caries and may also cause gastrointestinal problems. It has a high enough caloric power even if lower than sucrose.
Recommended dose: 50 to 70 grams per day.
5.-Edulcerant E 967: xylitol, additive with sucrose-like sweetener but with 40% less calories. It is said that xylitol is the friend of the teeth as it helps to prevent caries. Excessive consumption of xylitol can cause gastrointestinal problems. Toxic to dogs.
6.-Edulcerant E 951: Aspartame, has a sweetening power of about 200 times higher than that of sucrose. Several studies on aspartame in laboratory animals have shown the appearance of tumors following the oral absorption of this sweetener, but no study has shown a cause-effect relationship between these phenomena nor has it been able to define the mechanism of action of its sweetener Presumed toxicity. Health safety for aspartame consumption is subject to harsh polemics including the spread of real metropolitan legends.
Recommended dose: 40 to 70 mg daily. Not recommended in pregnant women and children.
7.-Edulcator E 950: acesulfame K, synthetic sweetener with a sweetening power of about 200 times higher than that of sucrose. This additive is not metabolised by humans, is excreted intact and therefore the intake of acesulfame K does not involve a caloric intake. It is not metabolized even by bacteria and therefore does not cause caries. After careful studies, this additive may be judged as non-toxic.
Recommended dose: 0-9mg per kg bodyweight.
8.Additive E 414: Arab gum, depending on the food product to which it is added helps to prevent crystallization of sugars, emulsifies the fat by favoring its homogeneous distribution in the product, it also reduces calories and has a strong melting power.
9.-Addens E 466: carbos methylcellulose, additive used as thickeners. Carboss-methylcellulose is very soluble and can be fermented in the large intestine. High concentrations can cause intestinal problems such as swelling, constipation and diarrhea. It contributes to a mild lowering of cholesterol in the blood.
Stabilizer E 422: glycerol, in foods has a sweetening, stabilizing and emulsifying function. High doses can cause nausea, headaches, excessive thirst and pressure increases.
10.-Emulsion E 322: Soy lecithin, soy derived emulsifier. Soy lecithin is rich in omega-3, omega-6, choline, inositol and minerals such as iron, calcium and phosphorus. One of the main properties of soy lecithin is to lower cholesterol, improve body metabolism and promote brain function.
11.-Colorant E 100: curcumin, extract from the root of the curcuma. Orange yellow colorant, non-toxic.
12.-colorant E 133: bright blue FCF. According to some studies, harmful to children! TOXIC.
13.-Antioxidant E 321: butyl hydroxytoluene, antioxidant with preservative functions. It is not considered a possible carcinogenic agent, however animal experiments have shown a possible increase in alveolar hystocytosis in female mice and various liver lesions in male mice, so the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has limited its doses in foods.